our troubles, have suddenly made what was once
a tolerable working system—a system that was
perhaps with all its inequalities and injustices the
only practicable working system In its time—
enormously dangerous and wasteful, so that it
threatens to exhaust and destroy our world
altogether. Man is like a feckless heir who has
suddenly been able to get at his capital and spend
it as though it were income. We are living in a
phase of violent and irreparable expenditure.
There is an intensified scramble among nations^
and among individuals to acquire, monopolise
and spend. The dispossessed young find them-
selves hopeless unless they resort to violence.
They implement the ever-increasing instability.
Only a comprehensive collectivisation of human
affairs can arrest this disorderly self-destruction
of mankind. All this has been made plain in
what has gone before.
This essential problem, the problem of collec-
tivisation, can be viewed from two reciprocal
points of view and stated in two different ways.
We can ask, " What is to be done to end the
world chaos ? " and also cc How can we offer
the common young man a reasonable and stimu-
lating prospect of a full life ? "
These two questions are the obverse and reverse
of one question. What answers one answers the